Last year we looked at the 12 migration hotspots around the world that people who migrate go to. They were 1. United States, 2. Germany, 3. Russian Federation, 4. Saudi Arabia, 5. United Kingdom, 6. United Arab Emirates (largest migrant share of the total population), 7. Canada, 8. France, 9. Australia, 10. Spain, 11. Italy, and 12. India (smallest migrant share of the total population).
According to the United Nations, in 2017 there were in the region of 258 million international migrants, 3.4% of the global population. 49% Of this increase, 85 million people, occurred between 2000 and 2017 with half of the increase taking place in developed regions in the ‘North’ and the other half taking place in the developing regions in the ‘South’. It would be interesting to compare the reasons for migration between these two regions. Interestingly United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division also reported, “The number of international migrants is growing faster than the world population and that In the North almost 12 of every 100 inhabitants are international migrants, compared to only 2 in every 100 inhabitants in the South”. It is estimated, “international migrants as a share of the total population are likely to continue to grow faster in the North than in the South.
Data indicates that between 2000 and 2017 Africa has seen the number of international migrants increase from 15 million to 25 million, the fastest increase in the number of international migrants globally.
So, have the hotspots changed? The top 10 destinations, with joint second and sixth countries, hosting around half of all international migrants are, 1. United States, 2. Saudi Arabia and Germany (joint), 3 the Russian Federation, 4. United Kingdom, 5. the United Arab Emirates, 6. France and Canada (joint), 7. Australia and 8. Spain. Notably, we have seen Saudi Arabia move from 4th to joint second with Germany, however the countries remain the same.
It has been interesting to note that Asia and Europe are recorded as the top regions for the origin of international migrants with two thirds of all international migrants being born in these areas.
It is reported that “one in every 300 persons worldwide is a refugee”, that is 0.3 percent of the global population, “And as a fraction of the global population, Africa hosts the largest number of refugees (0.5%), and in the least developed countries, refugees constitute more than a third of all international migrants (36%)”. These figures deserve consideration. Could this be a significant reason why developing nations are struggling to meet global development and educational targets?
I hope that these statistics challenge your perception of international migration and cause you to ask some different types of questions. It is often so easy to make judgments about the rate of developmental progress in developing countries, and in particular educational development. But I challenge all of us to look beneath the surface statistics before coming to conclusions and to ask ourselves how we can engage to solve the difficulties that migration brings to us all.
Shepperson & Shepperson Consultants Ltd
Source: Lesley Shepperson